Disaster and Crisis Management
Today frequent incidences of natural or manmade disaster in 21st century are gradually attaining a greater attention among the policy makers of all over the world for disaster control and mitigation efforts. However, on one side it is impossible to predict the natural calamities that contribute to the suffering of mankind, while the other side it present challenge to all combating authorities to cope with problems of the victims and the community. World Health Organization in 1990 gave the call to all member nations “Should Disaster Strike -- Be Prepared”. This had ignited the very concept of the crisis management that found very debilitated in our country. This is also true for the Gujarat, which had witnessed series of disaster in last two decade. Gujarat being the second most prosperous state of India, had gained momentum in its economic profile through rapid industrialization and urban growth. On the other side, it had also brought a number of devastation caused by natural disaster such as famine and drought (1987); plague epidemic (1994), cyclone (1998); flood (1999) Earth quake (2001) Communal riots (2003) and Flood (2005). In spite of these devastating events, the state administration never thought seriously about the disaster management during pre and post disaster events. It is to be noted that the pre disaster events involve the prediction and preparation as to minimize the risk of destruction for both men and material. The post disaster events are something related with the rescue, relief and rehabilitation process of the victims.

Though, these natural calamities with varying intensity were quite evident even before hundred years in the State, there was a void regarding the flow of right information among the people. The rumors that generated phobia in the minds of people before and after the calamities, led to mass exodus that is very common phenomenon that still persists even in the computer age of 21st century. The ignorance of the people regarding the high-risk factors leading to natural or man-made disasters are subject of concern. How disaster could have been avoided? Where to take shelter? Where to contact the concerned persons for compensation? Who/which is the people/institution responsible in the disaster mitigation? How to stop the psychological trauma among the victim? (Trauma Counseling) etc., are some of the questions of public interest. Responses to such emergencies are typically based on contingency plans. However, unexpected events can occur during the operation that affects safety and/or effectiveness of the activated response plan. Latest advances in communication and information technology can then assess the potential impact of such events and decide if and how to revise the planned course of action to maintain safety and efficiency of the operation through joint venture of authorities and the community residing at the grassroot level. Taking lead from this the organization intend to the following activities :
  • Writing cases studies of various man made and natural disaster under the realms of Disaster and Crisis Management
  • Designing a curriculum to educate the mass, school going children and the policy makers
  • To establish a resource center for training on rescue and relief operation.

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